Pteridophyta or Ferns

Adder's tongue
Beech fern
In the British Isles the Phylum Pteridophyta is represented by about 64 native species which are taxonomically classified into two Classes, five Orders, fourteen Families and twenty-four Genera.

This site aims to clarify and explain these relationships and provide information about the native species found in the British Isles. There is a Ferns search facility which aims to ease identification of specimens and you can Browse a list of species.

The Ferns Taxonomy page attempts to explain taxonomic relationships and there is a searcheable Glossary.

If you click on any of the images of ferns on this page you will see a slideshow of images and there are some more images in the Image Gallery

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Hard shield-fern
Lady fern

Some random samples

Pilularia globulifera

Common name

Pillwort

Pilularia globulifera Pillwort
© Copyright
Natural History Museum
Latin names
ClassPteridopsida
OrderSalviniales
FamilyMarsileaceae
GenusPilularia
Speciesglobulifera
Geographic details
HabitatLake margin
Soil typeacidic
Distributionscattered
NativeYes

Dryopteris affinis robusta

Common name

Robust Scaly Male Fern

Dryopteris affinis robustaRobust Scaly Male Fern
© Copyright
Natural History Museum
Latin names
ClassPteridopsida
OrderPolypodiales
FamilyAspidiaceae
GenusDryopteris
Speciesaffinis
Subspeciesrobusta
Alternative Family nameDryopteridaceae
Geographic details
HabitatWoodland, open hill, scree
Soil typealkaline
DistributionThroughout British Isles
NativeYes

Asplenium trichomanes pachyrachis

Common name

Lobed Maidenhair spleenwort

Asplenium trichomanes pachyrachisLobed Maidenhair spleenwort
© Copyright
Natural History Museum
Latin names
ClassPteridopsida
OrderPolypodiales
FamilyAspleniaceae
GenusAsplenium
Speciestrichomanes
Subspeciespachyrachis
Geographic details
Habitatrock faces
Soil typealkaline
DistributionLocally frequent W Britain
NativeYes